Module 1: Impact awareness of natural disasters and emergency response
In this module, you will visit the following topics: pre-crisis preparation, stress management education, stress resistance, crisis mitigation training; disaster or large-scale incident, as well as, school and community support programs; one-on-one crisis intervention/counselling or psychological support; etc.
Module 2: Crisis Interventions in Depression and PTSD
Crisis is defined as a sudden event in one’s life that disturbs homeostasis, during which usual coping mechanisms cannot resolve the problem.
Module 3: Blue Light Mental Health and Trauma Awareness
how people can learn to self regulate so that they can function more effectively mentally, emotionally and physically (regulation of the brain: neuroscience; physical - self regulation thermometer; mindfulness) (Kate King)
- Wellbeing and mental health support in the emergency services
- Blue Light Research
- Blue Light Research (2)
- Blue Light Research (3)
- Types of trauma
- How trauma changes our physiology – flight, fight or freeze response
- What happens after trauma
- Advice to traumatised individuals
- Advice to friends and family
- Signs of burnout
- Check your knowledge!
Module 4: Disaster management
- Why is this important?
- Who are first responders?
- How First Responders Develop Mental Health Complications?
- What are the most frequent mental health complications which first responders develop?
- What barriers do first responders face to looking for mental health treatment?
- How can we help?
- EMDR Therapy
- Check your knowledge!
Module 5: Communication and Stress
The aim of this module will be to learn about communication problems and stress that people with PTSD are struggling with. It will lead to greater understanding how to effectively work with such people and how to recognize the symptoms. It will help to implement this topic in teaching practice to ultimately widen participation and increase trauma awareness, emotional self regulation and preparedness for response to any traumatic event. The topics covered: PTSD, Communication and PTSD, How to communicate in a PTSD relationship?, How Is PTSD Unlike a Normal Stress Response?, Stress – Physical symptoms, Stress – Psychological symptoms, Stress – Behaviours.
Module 6: Psychological First Aid; CPR and emergency first aid
- Training Objectives
- Learning Outcomes
- What is Psychological First Aid?
- Key Stages in PFA Training
- How Do People Respond in Emergencies ?
- How Does Trauma Impact Mental Health?
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Components of PFA
- Steps in PFA
- PFA is NOT
- Be Prepared
- Signs of Distress
- Social & Physical Reactions
- People with Additional Needs and Trauma
- Secondary Stressors
- Long Term Effects
- Distress & Mental Health
- Mental Health Problems
- Resilience & Coping
- Psychosocial Resilience
- Social Support & Coping
- Dos & Don’ts’s
- Action Principles
- Communication Skills
- People Who Need More Than PFA Alone
- How to Link People for Support & Guidance
- Self Care & Ending Assistance
- Check your knowledge!
Phases of Crisis Intervention
These are the 4 phases of Crisis Intervention
Phase 1: Assessment
Phase 2: Planning of therapeutic intervention
Phase 3: Intervention
Phase 4: Evaluations
Phase 1 – Assessment
Information is gathered regarding the precipitating stressor and the resulting crisis that prompted the individual to seek professional help.
- Conducting the interview
–History: personal and familial of risk behavior
–Any means and plans the user may have about carrying out the risk behavior
–Controls: internal and external that are stopping the user from undertaking the risk behavior.
- Observations during the interview
–Level of anxiety; desperation; despair; sense of hopelessness; contact with reality.
Phase 2 – Assessment
On the basis of the information from the assessment…
- What’s the situation?
- What is the desired outcome?
- How do we get from the current situation to the goal? à interventions
- Who does what? (user, family, network, team members)
The goal of intervention is to restore the person to pre-crisis level of equilibrium, not of personality changes.
Phase 3 – Intervention
- The actions identified in the planning phase are implemented. A reality-oriented approach is used.
- A rapid working relationship is established by showing unconditional acceptance, by active listening, and by attending to immediate needs.
- A problem-solving model becomes the basis for change.
–Expression and management of feelings involving techniques of ventilation; psychological support; emotional catharsis.
–Helping the user understand the connections between the stressor event and their response. Techniques include clarifying the problem; identifying and isolating the factors involved; helping the user gain an intellectual understanding of the crisis
–Also involves giving information; discussing alternative coping strategies and changing perceptions.
- Environmental modification:
–Pulling together needed external, environmental resources (either familial or formal helping agencies)
Any and all three approaches may be used at any time depending where the user is, emotionally and cognitively.
Phase 4 – Assessment
- A reassessment is conducted to determine whether the stated objectives were achieved.
- A plan of action is developed for the individual to deal with the stressor should it reoccur.