TRAINING MODULES

Gibbs Reflective Cycle

Gibbs Reflective Cycle

Dr. Graham Gibbs is Research Leader in Department of Behavioural and Social Sciences School of Human and Health Sciences, in the University of Huddersfield.

He published his Reflective Cycle in his 1988 book Learning by doing. It’s particularly useful for helping people learn from situations that they experience regularly, especially when these don’t go well.

This model can be very therapeutic for first responders and the general public in disaster situations.

  • It is one of the most widely used models in health disciplines.
  • It has a circular structure and is easy to apply
  • It focuses on identifying feelings, thoughts, knowledge and self-awareness.
  • It is oriented towards the development of a plan of action.
  • It consists of 6 stages
  • Unlike the Mitchell Model, the Gibbs Reflective Cycle can be applied individually.

 

 

  1. DESCRIPTION

What happened?

Everything that happened is described objectively and concisely.

  1. FEELINGS

¿What were the reactions and feelings?

The emotions experienced are expressed, making them concrete:

– How you felt at the time

– What you thought at the time

– What you thought after the incident

  1. EVALUATION

Value judgements regarding what has happened start:

What was good?

What was bad?

  1. ANALYSIS

Here the answer must be given to:

What is the meaning of what happened?

What was really happening?

  1. CONCLUSION

It is evaluated whether the whole experience was positive or negative.

What did you learn from the experience?

What else could you have done to improve the experience?

  1. ACTION PLAN

It is important to summarize everything that is needed to improve the next experiences.

What elements should be taken into account?

What should be done differently next time?