Module 1: Impact awareness of natural disasters and emergency response
In this module, you will visit the following topics: pre-crisis preparation, stress management education, stress resistance, crisis mitigation training; disaster or large-scale incident, as well as, school and community support programs; one-on-one crisis intervention/counselling or psychological support; etc.
Module 2: Crisis Interventions in Depression and PTSD
Crisis is defined as a sudden event in one’s life that disturbs homeostasis, during which usual coping mechanisms cannot resolve the problem.
Module 3: Blue Light Mental Health and Trauma Awareness
how people can learn to self regulate so that they can function more effectively mentally, emotionally and physically (regulation of the brain: neuroscience; physical - self regulation thermometer; mindfulness) (Kate King)
- Wellbeing and mental health support in the emergency services
- Blue Light Research
- Blue Light Research (2)
- Blue Light Research (3)
- Types of trauma
- How trauma changes our physiology – flight, fight or freeze response
- What happens after trauma
- Advice to traumatised individuals
- Advice to friends and family
- Signs of burnout
- Check your knowledge!
Module 4: Disaster management
- Why is this important?
- Who are first responders?
- How First Responders Develop Mental Health Complications?
- What are the most frequent mental health complications which first responders develop?
- What barriers do first responders face to looking for mental health treatment?
- How can we help?
- EMDR Therapy
- Check your knowledge!
Module 5: Communication and Stress
The aim of this module will be to learn about communication problems and stress that people with PTSD are struggling with. It will lead to greater understanding how to effectively work with such people and how to recognize the symptoms. It will help to implement this topic in teaching practice to ultimately widen participation and increase trauma awareness, emotional self regulation and preparedness for response to any traumatic event. The topics covered: PTSD, Communication and PTSD, How to communicate in a PTSD relationship?, How Is PTSD Unlike a Normal Stress Response?, Stress – Physical symptoms, Stress – Psychological symptoms, Stress – Behaviours.
Module 6: Psychological First Aid; CPR and emergency first aid
- Training Objectives
- Learning Outcomes
- What is Psychological First Aid?
- Key Stages in PFA Training
- How Do People Respond in Emergencies ?
- How Does Trauma Impact Mental Health?
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Components of PFA
- Steps in PFA
- PFA is NOT
- Be Prepared
- Signs of Distress
- Social & Physical Reactions
- People with Additional Needs and Trauma
- Secondary Stressors
- Long Term Effects
- Distress & Mental Health
- Mental Health Problems
- Resilience & Coping
- Psychosocial Resilience
- Social Support & Coping
- Dos & Don’ts’s
- Action Principles
- Communication Skills
- People Who Need More Than PFA Alone
- How to Link People for Support & Guidance
- Self Care & Ending Assistance
- Check your knowledge!
What barriers do first responders face to looking for mental health treatment?
There are many challenges that first responders face when looking for mental health treatment. Broadly speaking, they can be grouped in 3 major dimensions:
The first responder profession often involves a community of toughness where talking about emotional trauma is disregarded as a sign of weakness or belittled as insignificant. It is important to understand that in this community resilience and bravery are respected and nobody would like to be associated with mental health complications. While often times responders regard colleagues as more judgmental than they actually are, it is true that they face a catch 22 situation: a sound mental health is a prerequisite for starting a first responder career – how can then one not fear that talking about depression or substance abuse may lead to them losing their job? In this context management of first responders rarely talks sufficiently about mental health risks and options for their treatment. This creates a feeling of isolation in first responders with such complications as it strips them from a forum in the margins of which they can recognise their symptoms and seek treatment.
Lack of awareness
The wide public is not sufficiently informed about the symptoms or signs of emotional trauma or mental health complications. Additionally, feelings of shame, guilt or fear to talk about this cloud a person’s evaluation of the situation. Finally, insufficient media attention leads to the perception that this is a very niche problem of little consequence.
In this cluster we may include mostly the barriers related to limited access to mental health services and the high costs related to private treatment. To an extent, these barriers are also the result of poor public policy which does not place sufficient importance with mental health services thereby limiting access for professionals in need.