TRAINING MODULES

Stress – Behaviours

 

An individual who is dealing with a normal stress response may respond with abnormal behaviors for a while that might be upsetting to the individual and loved ones. For example, the moodiness and anxiety of stress can make personal interactions and relationships more strained.

A person dealing with stress might also indulge in substance use or other behaviors meant to self-medicate the feelings that arise from stress. Overeating or using alcohol, tranquilizers, or other drugs might make a person feel more in control during the stress reaction.

 

Because the person who is struggling with PTSD is dealing with an intense stressor at all times, it can be difficult to feel healthy or whole. As a result, the individual may engage in self-medicating or self-destructive behaviors in an effort to ease the discomfort of symptoms, as described in the PTSD Research Quarterly. As a result, people with PTSD are more likely to experience substance use disorders and severe depression or anxiety that leads to suicidal ideation.

In addition, the individual with PTSD may be more likely to have a violent behavioral or emotional response to a minor stressor, such as being startled. Outbursts or defensive reactions can be provoked very easily. This can put a great strain on relationships and make the person uncomfortable or fearful of being in public places where a panic attack or violent reaction may occur.

For the person who has experienced a trauma and comes out of it with PTSD, something in the stress response has malfunctioned, making it difficult for the brain to return to normal. PTSD results in a chemical and communication problem within the brain that leads to these heightened emotions and physical responses.

The struggle with PTSD is much more intense than with a normal stress response; however, it can be resolved through caring and careful treatment. A variety of therapies, such as trauma-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can be beneficial in helping the individual understand the symptoms of PTSD and learn to manage them, leading to a more positive future.

Bibliography and further reading

Add a list of articles, texts and other sources you have consulted and another list for suggested further reading.

Check your understanding

Add a minimum of 10 questions which can be:

  • True/False
  • Multiple choice
  • Single choice

Please indicate the correct answer and, if possible, give feedback to the answer (example: “You are wrong! This is false because…”)

 

  1. According to researches, how many of the studied paramedics may be potentially diagnosed with PTSD?
    1. 13%
    2. 28%
    3. 33%
    4. 50%
    5. 67%
  2. There are many ways how PTSD messes with communication. Please, choose all correct answers:
    1. lack of assertiveness,
    2. depression,
    3. memory issues,
    4. hypersensitivity,
    5. self-exaltation,
    6. timidity,
    7. rigidity,
    8. difficulty processing information.
  3. People suffering from Powerful Sense of Disconnect feel as if they do not belong to other people’s world, which means the commutation has to cross a great distance. TRUE
  4. Difficulty organizing information means that sometimes, while listening and while speaking, I may lose track of some piece of information and need to be reminded of what all the pieces are and spend a moment catching up to you and seeing the connections. FALSE (You are wrong! This is difficulty processing information.)
  5. How to communicate in a PTSD relationship?
    1. Use 3 steps: Clear, concise messages; The sound of your emotions; Question everything.
    2. Use 4 steps: Clear, concise messages; The sound of silence; Allow your veteran to answer; Question everything.
    3. Use 4 steps: Clear, silent messages; The sound of your emotions; Allow your veteran to answer; Question everything.
  6. The effects of a normal stress response on the body include (multiple choice):
    1. fainting,
    2. fatigue,
    3. goosebumps,
    4. raising temperature,
    5. digestive upset,
  7. As described by the National Center for PTSD, research has shown that people with PTSD are less likely to have heart diseases and gastrointestinal disorders than those who do not have PTSD. FALSE (You are wrong! People with PTSD are more likely to have such diseases.)
  8. People with PTSD have psychological symptoms of stress that those who don’t have PTSD don’t generally experience. One of them is:
    1. Increased focus and attention, (You are wrong! This is false because increased focus and attention is a psychological symptom in response to normal stress.)
    2. Moodiness, (You are wrong! This is false because moodiness is a psychological symptom in response to normal stress.)
    3. Mild to moderate anxiety, (You are wrong! This is false because mild to moderate anxiety is a psychological symptom in response to normal stress.)
    4. Feeling hypervigilant at all times.
  9. Person who is struggling with PTSD may engage in self-medicating or self-destructive behaviors in an effort to ease the discomfort of symptoms and is more likely to experience substance use disorders and severe depression or anxiety that leads to suicidal ideation. TRUE
  10. The individual with PTSD are less likely to have a violent behavioral or emotional response to a minor stressor. Outbursts or defensive reactions can be provoked hardly. FALSE